High-level African Union (AU) mediation efforts have in the past included very few women. Almost all AU special envoys to conflict zones are men - mostly former heads of state and other former senior officials.
The Network of African Women in Conflict Prevention and Mediation (FemWise-Africa), established in July 2017, is an AU initiative aimed at changing this. Its success will depend on whether it has the necessary support and capacity to carry out its mission.
Progress in implementing the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 that urges the international community to improve women's participation in peace and security has been slow. UN Women noted that between 1992 and 2011, women globally made up only 2% of chief mediators, 4% of witnesses and signatories, and 9% of negotiators.