Sunday, January 21, 2018

The only Empress of India was a Muslim

Not many Indians realise or remember that the only Empress of India lived and died 800 years ago.

India was ruled by slave dynasty from Turkey during 1206 and 1290 AD. Qutab-ud-din Aibak was the first emperor from slave dynasty and he set up the Delhi Sultanate. His son-in-law Iltutmish succeeded him. Razia was the daughter of Iltutmish and granddaughter of Qutab-ud-din, who had begun building the Qutab Minar in Delhi and who lies buried in Lahore.

Razia Sultan ruled over India for just about four years between 1236 and 1240, but she left an indelible imprint during this short period on Indian history.

More on Razia Sultan:

Further reading:
* The Legend Makers: Some Eminent Muslim Women of India by Gouri Srivastava
* Status of Muslim Women in India edited by Hajira Kumar
* Royal Mughal Ladies and Their Contributions by Soma Mukherjee

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